Je sais que j'ai commis du péché quand ma conscience me reprend, ou quand je transgresse les lois, ou quand le Saint Esprit me montre la vérité sur moi-même.
I know that I have sinned when I am reminded by my conscience, or when I have transgressed the law, or the Holy Spirit shows me the truth about myself.
C'est possible d'obtenir le pardon des péchés que j'ai commis. Ensuite, après que mon péché m'ait été pardonné, ma vocation en tant que chrétien est de vaincre le péché et d'en être délivré, pour que je ne sois pas esclave de mes passions et de mes désirs. Tel est la véritable vie d'un chrétien !
It is possible to obtain forgiveness for sin I have committed. However, after my sins are forgiven, my calling as a Christian is to overcome sin and be free from sin, so I am no longer a slave to my lusts and desires. This is a true Christian life!
Ma conscience - Est-ce que j'ai péché ? My conscience – Have I sinned?
Tous les gens sont dotés d'une concience, la connaissance du bien et du mal. Cette "voie intérieure" va m'informer en amont si mon action et bien ou mauvaise, et elle va aussi me rappeler si j'ai fait quelque chose que je sais ne pas être bien.
All people have been given a conscience, knowledge of right and wrong. This “inner voice” will inform me in advance whether an action is right or wrong, and will also remind me when I have done something that I know is wrong.
However, because our knowledge or conception of right and wrong is formed by our surroundings, culture, upbringing and personality, each person’s conscience will react differently to different situations. For this reason, the conscience cannot be used to have the “final say”.
Transgression of the law
In the Old Covenant, God gave people laws and commandments how to live their lives. Transgression of the law is sin, and the law can tell me if I have sinned. If I am aware of the law, my conscience will also let me know of any transgression.
By keeping the commandments given in the Old Covenant people could live an exemplary life in outward things, as it could expose outward sins—actions and words, and also specified punishments for any transgressions. However, it could not touch the inner, hidden life that nobody could see, the motives and thoughts behind words and actions.
The Holy Spirit and the hope in the New Covenant
In the New Covenant, the laws are not only written with ink, but: “‘This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days,’ says the Lord: ‘I will put My laws into their hearts, and in their minds I will write them.’” Hebrews 8:10. These are the laws of the Spirit of Life—the Holy Spirit reminds me and teaches me about God’s will, also when it concerns the inner life.
The Holy Spirit is called the Spirit of Truth, and will lead me to the whole truth about myself —my human nature and the sin that dwells there—to a much deeper degree than the law or our conscience ever can.
But another name for the Spirit is the Helper—and the Spirit’s main task is not to inform me when I have sinned, but to help me not to sin.
By obedience to the Spirit, I can be made aware of the sin I have in my nature before I commit sin. I can overcome it just like Jesus, our forerunner, did when He was on earth.